1920s Guide

Built Construction in the 1920s (In Progress)

 

1920

1921

  • Hahn Building
    • 140 NE 1st Avenue, Miami, FL
    • Constructed at the beginning of the land boom
    • Extensive use of the Neo-Classical style to distinguish itself from the surrounding properties
    • Housekeepers Club of Coconut Grove
      • 2985 South Bayshore Drive
      • Designed by Walter C. Degarmo
      • Takes advantage of its view to Biscayne Bay
      • Constructed of native oolitic limestone
      • HQ to one of Florida’s oldest woman’s clubs

1922

  • Fire Station No. 4
    • 1000 South Miami Avenue, Miami, FL
    • Built to serve the residential neighborhoods south of the Miami River
    • Mediterranean Style Revival
    • Gesu Church and Rectory
      • 118-170 NE 2nd ST, Miami, FL
      • Mediterranean Revival Style
      • Houses the city’s oldest Roman Catholic parish
      • Land donated by Henry M. Flagler

1923

  • Congress Building
    • 111 NE 2nd Ave, Miami, FL
    • Neo-Classical Architecture “skyscraper”
    • 21-stories
    • Composed of two separate buildings constructed three years apart
    • System of trusses and columns
    • Structural Engineer: E.A. Sturman
    • St. Agnes’ Episcopal Church
      • 1750 NW 3rd Avenue, Miami, FL
      • Housed one of Miami’s oldest African-American congregation
      • Neo-Classical and Mission Style

1924

1925

  • Citizen’s Bank
    • 1367 North Miami Ave, Miami, FL
    • Neo-Classical style typical of the 1920s
    • Designed by architect H. George Fink
    • Provides a record of commercial design in Miami as evidenced through the scale, proportion, and masonry detailing.
    • City National Bank Building
      • 121 SE 1st ST, Miami, FL
      • Followed the Neo-Classical trend of the 1920s
      • Exemplifies the commercial style of the era
      • Huntington Building
        • 168 SE 1st ST, Miami, FL
        • Completed at the peak of the Land Boom
        • 13-stories
        • Developed by Frederick Rand who wanted to create a new “Fifth Avenue of Miami”
        • Known for the sculptures circling its roofline
        • Miami Woman’s Club
          • 1737 North Bayshore Drive
          • U-Shaped Mediterranean Revival Style
          • Courtyard overlooks Biscayne Bay
          • Responsible for establishing Miami’s public library system
          • Olympia Theater and Office Building
            • American Movie Palace Architecture
            • Built for Paramount Enterprises
            • Second atmospheric theater in the United States
            • Mediterranean Revival Style
            • Moorish/Venetian interior
            • Salvation Army Citadel
              • Venetian Gothic subtype of the Gothic Revival style
              • Constructed in response to growing demand for religious and humanitarian services
              • Doge’s palace in Venice

1926

  • Central Baptist Church
    • 500 NE 1st Ave, Miami, FL 33132
    • Miami’s oldest Baptist congregation and an important part of the city’s religious history
    • Neo-Classical architectural style
    • The land upon which it was built was donated by Henry Flagler
    • Coconut Grove Playhouse
      • 3500 Main Highway
      • Built by entrepreneurs Irving J. Thomas and Fin L. Pierce
      • Originally called The Grove
      • A luxurious movie theater for the Paramount Enterprises chain
      • Designed to resemble a Spanish Rococo palace
      • Cushman School
        • 592 NE 60th ST, Miami, FL
        • Founded by Dr. Laura Cushman
        • Plan envisioned by Cushman
        • V-shaped Mediterranean Revival Style
        • Oldest private elementary school in continuous operation
        • East Coast Fisheries
          • 40 SW North River Drive, Miami, FL
          • Mediterranean Revival Style
          • One of few remaining landmarks of the prosperous fishing industry that was once centered along the Miami River
          • Miller’s Fish Market at its opening
          • Fire Station No. 2
            • 1401 North Miami Avenue, Miami, FL
            • Built right before the burst of the real estate bubble
            • Mediterranean Revival Style
            • Architect: August C. Geiger
            • Gold Coast Pharmacy
              • 2401-2435 Biscayne Boulevard, Miami, FL
              • Mediterranean Revival Style commercial building
              • First building built by the Biscayne Boulevard Company
              • Designed by architects who set the design standards and devised the theme for the boulevard
              • Ingraham Building
                • 13-story high rise
                • Italian Renaissance Style
                • Design meant to evoke a Florentine palace
                • Built for the Model Land Company, the real estate division of Flagler’s FEC Railway
                • Security Building
                  • 117 E 1st Avenue, Miami, FL
                  • Example of commercial building design made to fit in the confines of a narrow lot
                  • Headquarters to Dade County Security Company one of the most important institutions during the Land Boom
                  • Villa Paula
                    • 5811-5837 North Miami Avenue, Miami, FL
                    • Housed the Cuban Consulate
                    • Designed by Havana Architect C. Feira
                    • Neo-Classical Style
                    • Used construction material imported from Cuba

1927

  • Greater Bethel A.M.E. Church
    • 245 NW 8th ST, Miami, FL
    • Home of one the oldest African-American congregations in Miami
    • Mediterranean Revival Style

1928

  • Bryan Memorial United Methodist Church
    • 3713 Main Highway, Coral Gables, FL 33133
    • Built on land donated to the Methodist Church by William Jennings Bryan

1929

  • Sears, Roebuck & Company
    • 1300 Biscayne Boulevard, Miami, FL
    • Early example of Art Deco Style
    • Directly responsible for encouraging commercial growth along Biscayne in the late 1920s and early 1930s

 



Biscayne Boulevard

1920 Flagler Monument Island

McAllister Hotel

1920 Miami Aerial over the Hotel McAllister

Date: 1927

A view of Downtown Miami during the late 1920s.

A look at Downtown Miami from the El Comodoro Hotel in 1927. To the left you can see the courthouse still under construction.

 

A shot of Miami Senior High School in 1926 prior to the move to it’s current location in 1928.

The school is the oldest in Dade County, having been opened since 1903.

 

A view of a busy day on Flagler Street, with a trolly in the middle.

 

An aerial look at what was Downtown Miami in the 1920s, with the Miami River snaking its way into the bay.

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