Monument Guide





Location: Bill Baggs Cape Florida State Park

1200 S. Crandon Boulevard

Key Biscayne, Florida 33149

The Cape Florida Lighthouse was completed in 1825. It was 65 feet high, of solid brick, 5 feet thick at the base. For years it guided the mariner as he passed the dangerous Florida Reef and led him into Cape Florida Channel to a safe anchorage from violent gales in the lee of Key Biscayne.


1891- The Barnicle



Location: 3485 Main Highway
Coconut Grove, Florida 33133

Architect: Ralph Middleton Munroe



1904- Dade-County Courthouse


Location: 73 West Flagler Street in Miami, Florida.

Dade County Courthouse, as it appeared at the time of construction in 1904. The present courthouse building was erected around this earlier structure.



Amerifirst Federal (U.S. Post Office and Courthouse

Location: 100-118 Northeast 1st Avenue

Architect: Kiehnel & Elliott and Oscar Wenderoth

Year: 1912–14 (The Miami-Dade County Tax Records say this building was built in 1917)



1916- Villa Viscaya


Location: 3251 South Miami Avenue
Miami, Florida 33129

Built : 1916

Vizcaya was home to James Deering and a large staff that managed the estate. Deering occupied Vizcaya only in the winter months, from 1916–1925, when he died.

At the time of Vizcaya’s construction, Miami’s population was around 10,000.  More than 1,000 workers were employed in the Vizcaya project, including laborers and craftsmen from the Caribbean and Europe.  In addition to the house and gardens, the complex included a farm, livestock, and a variety of other service facilities covering 180 acres on both sides of South Miami Avenue.



1916-17 Plymouth Congressional Church


Location: 3400 Devon Road, Coconut Grove, FL  33133

Architect: Clinton McKenzie

Year: 1916-17

Plymouth Congregational Church is significant for its association with the earlydevelopment of Coconut Grove.  In addition, the church is an outstandingexample of Spanish Mission style architecture and is particularly noteworthy for the excellence of its design, details, materials, and craftsmanship. Organized in 1897, Plymouth Congregational Church was founded by some of the most influential pioneer citizens of Coconut Grove.  Solomon G. Merrick, father of George Merrick who developed Coral Gables, became pastor in 1901 and was the first Congregationalist minister to serve the Church.  Plymouth Church expanded rapidly as Coconut Grove developed and outgrew twochapels before erecting the present structure in 1916. Plymouth Congregational Church is also significant as an outstanding example of Spanish Mission style architecture.   The building’s twin bell towers, curvilinear gable roof, and elaborate front entrance are important elements of the entire composition.  Also noteworthy is the building’s stonework, laid by a singlestonemason, a Spaniard named Felix Rebom.



1925- Freedom Tower



1925 Freedom Tower

Location: 600 Biscayne Boulevard

Architect: George A. Fuller, Schultze & Weaver

Freedom Tower was originally the headquarters for The Miami News. During the 1960s, the federal government used the facility to process, document and provide medical and dental services for Cuban refugees.

In 1979, the building was listed on the National Register of Historic Places.



1926- Ingraham Building


Location: 25 Southeast 2nd Avenue # 700
Miami, FL 33131-1602

Year: 1926

Architect: Schultze and Weaver/Turner Construction Co.

One of downtown Miami’s most elegant high-rises, the 13-story Ingraham Building is an outstanding example of the Italian Renaissance style interpreted for a large commercial building. With rusticated stone walls, wrought iron decoration, double-arched windows, and hand-painted wooden eaves, the building evokes the design of a Florentine palace. The building was constructed for the Model Land Company, the real estate division of Henry Flagler’s Florida East Coast Railway. The Ingraham Building was listed in the National Register of Historic Places in 1989.



1927- Dade-County Courthouse (new)



Location: 73 West Flagler Street Miami, Florida 33130

Year: 1925-28

Built between 1925 and 1928, the Courthouse has continuously served as Dade County’s seat of government since that time.  The courthouse was also designed to serve as Miami City Hall, and facilities included necessary courtrooms, record rooms, judicial chambers, law library, and jails for both government entities.




1928- Pan American Field (later Miami International Airport)



Location: West of NW 42nd Avenue and along the south edge of NW 36 Street

Year: 1928

The airport was opened to flights in 1928 as Pan American Field. In 1945, the City of Miami established a Port Authority and raised bond revenue to purchase the airport, which had meanwhile been renamed 36 Street Airport, from Pan Am. It was merged with an adjoining Army airfield in 1949 and expanded further in 1951. The old terminal on 36th Street was closed in 1959 when the modern passenger terminal (since greatly expanded) opened for service.




1929- Sears Roebuck


Location: 1300 Biscayne Boulevard

Year Built: 1929

Architects: Nimmons, Carr, and Wright

The Sears Roebuck building was one of the first Art Deco building built and it remains as part of the new Performing Arts Center. the pronounced tower features engaged fluted piers and low relief ornamentation typical of the architecture of the period. This building’s location was significant in developing a separate commercial district north of downtown Miami, and was directly responsible for encouraging commercial growth along Biscayne Boulevard in the late 1920s and early 1930s. (city of Miami planning department)



1931-38 Miami City Hall

Location: 3500 Pan American Drive
Miami, FL, 33133

Year: 1933

The history of the City of Miami’s City Hall began in the early 1930’s, as Pan American’s Seaplane Terminal. The terminus, once the largest and most modern marine air facility in the world when it was built in the early 1930’s in an Art Deco / Streamline Moderne architectural style, has been Miami’s City Hall since 1954. The building is an important site in the history of transportation, as well as, an early precursor of Miami’s role as an international city.

Miami’s City Hall was listed in the National Register of Historic Places in 1974.



1937- Burdine Stadium (later The Orange Bowl)

Location: 1501 NW 3rd St.
Miami, Florida 33125

Year: 1947

The stadium was built by the City of Miami Public Works Department. Construction began in 1936 and was completed in December 1937.

The Orange Bowl was originally named Burdine Stadium after Roddy Burdine, one of Miami’s pioneers. The original stadium consisted of the two sideline lower decks. Seating was added in the endzones in the 1940s, and by the end of the 1950s the stadium was double-decked on the sidelines. The west endzone upper deck section was then added in the 1960s, bringing the stadium to its peak capacity of 80,010. In 1977, the permanent seats in the east endzone were removed, and further upgrades brought the stadium to its final capacity and design.



1939- Alfred duPont Building

Location: 169 E Flagler St # 1600
Miami, FL 33131-1211

Year: 1939

It is an example of Modern Architecture and was the first skyscraper built after the Dade-County Courthouse and the bust of 1928. Thus it represents Miami’s emergence from the great depression. It replaced the Halcyon Hotel on this site.

Added to the U.S. Register of Historic Places on January 4, 1989.



1950- Bayfront Park Bandshell


Location: 301 Biscayne Boulevard
Miami, FL 33132

Year: 1950


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